Kerisik or Krue Se mosque now situated at Village No. 3, Tanyong luloh sub-district, Muang district, Patani province,
south, lie Thailand 6 kilometers to the south of present day Muang Patani or Patani city. Masjid Kerisek had been registered as an archaeological remain on February 25, 1935 by Art Department of Thailand , first renovated in 1957, second renovated in 1982 and the last renovated on July 1, 2004 after the bloody extra judicial killing of 32 secessionists in the mosque by the Thai army on February 28, 2004 , Keresik mosque then, become among the first and primary focus of attention from journalists, academics, scholars and fact finders all over the world on assimilation issue, discrimination practice and the primary cause of long lasting conflict between Muslim Malay of Patani and the Thai government.
|Archaeological Investigation of Patani History By David J Welch & Judth R macNeilll/|
Map Modify by Patani River to Locate Kerisek mosque (Red)and Lim Ko Niew Cemetary(Blue)
Kerisik mosqe was the first mosque of the Kingdom of Patani and of the whole Southeast Asia that built in the
Middle East style. It was called 'Masjid Pintu Gerbang' and later changed to be the same name with the location. It stood in front of the old palace gate on the west.
|Kerisik Mosque from Travelling Memoir of Antony Hippon and Peter Floris in 1611|
in this picture Dome is in construction work : more detail at Prof. Kronchai Hatta,
Masjid Kerisek in the History of Patani, Thai language, page 30-31, PSU
From archaeological remains, it might have built in 1514 during the reign of Sultan Ismail Shah and completed in the reign of Sultan Muzzafar Shah. There were several times of renovation and the biggest renovation was during the reign of Queen Hijau (1584-1616), The Chinese builder(Lim To Kiam) was commissioned to enlarge the mosque and added more interior decorations. Being the royal mosque, it was destroyed several times by wars (wars with neighbouring kingdoms like
Palembang( Indonesia) and Ayutthaya( )). Thailand
|Front side of kerisek mosque|
After each war, the renovation took placed, unfortunately it had never finished. In 1786,
made an attack and took control over Patani. The order from Siamese king to sack every things in front after winning the war were fulfilled by his general and his commanders. This Patani-Siamese war had brought an end to Patani as a flourish and civilized kingdom. Most of the palaces and important buildings were destroyed and burnt to the ground. Few Sultans of Patani in later times (under the Siam suzerainty) have put their efforts to re-establish the Patani old capital, but never succeeded. The Patani new town(present town) was erected in 1832 and the Kerisek Mosque was left behind since then. Siamese
When times gone by, the story of legendary Kerisek mosque had been adopted by Chinese or in Chinese favor in order to rouse up the superiority of Chinese believed and culture over the local existing Muslim Malay political and economical weakness, targeted at graving down the glamour of Patani historic past manage by Siamese and later by Thai political and cultural assimilation policy which become one of the most important mechanical solution tool to root out the Patani conflict or Patani unrest and centuries long rebellion in
|New Lim Ko Niew Cemetary|
“ Because of Lim Ko Niew curse that Kerisek mosque uncompleted built” this invented LimToh Kian and Lim Ko Niew myth by Chinese and Thai Buddhist in accordance with their faith had brought the history of Kerisek mosque spread far and wide to the foreign countries on the purpose of tourists attraction . This campaign was successfully made by Tourist Authority of Thailand which later attract huge visitors of Chinese origin from
Malaysia, Singapore and . These visitors come and visit not the mosque but Lim Ko Niew cemetery, Indonesia 500 meters to the west of the mosque, the new location of Lim Ko Niew grave proof successful and able to convince more people to believed in this semi-religious myth.
The original place of Lim Ko Niew grave lie about
1.5 Km. to the north of the present day location in Kampong Tanyong Luloh, the location of original grave is about 500 meters distance from the sea coast(after hundred years of coastal erosion).The new generations especially Chinese, Thai and Muslim Malay of Patani never known about the original grave location and the truth story of Lim Ko Niew, they just believed that the present location is its original place.
|The Original Cemetary of Lim Ko Niew and chinese residence- Few people know|
The Inter-Faith Sentiment
How much popular Lim Ko Niew new shrine was, more upset and uneasy for the Muslim Malay of Patani sentiment were, because of the reason that their faith and believed being indirectly attack by the Chinese myth and some groups of the local Muslim Malay of Patani believed that their religion had already been abused and discriminated by the Lim Ko Niew herself, hence it’s time to make a challenge to the new invented faith, finally in 1987 Muslim Malay of Patani organized the demonstration at Kerisek mosque asking for returning the mosque to its former status, a place of worship not a place for tourists, stop the invented Lim ko Niew Goddess myth campaign created by Chinese and Thai authority, speak the truth and rationalized the myth.
The demonstrators talking about the unjust invented myth which in turn destroyed the good relation between the two ethnic groups and at the end, the demonstration nearly turn to violence when the high ranking police officer try to infiltrate to the demonstration crowds and suddenly identified by the demonstrators, he was arrested and brought on the stage with several places on his body wounded after which the demonstration leaders were arrested and put into Bangkok prisons. This demonstration lasted for 3 years called by the local Muslim Malay as “Kerisek demonstration” lead by Bormor Ding, a Muslim Malay of Patani, a former Thai government health officer .
Kerisik mosque, again come to the stage of attention when Islamic secessionists launched well-planned and almost simultaneous pre-dawn attacks on 11 government locations and security checkpoints in Patani, Yala and Songkhla provinces in Thailand south. 0n April 28, 2004. Thai authorities reported that 107 insurgents and five members of the security forces had been killed. 32 secessionists were shot down in the Krisek mosque after 8 hours of battling with the police who surrounded all side of the mosque. These were the bloodiest clashes since a new wave of separatist seccessionist was launched in
’s Muslim-dominated region in January 2004. Thailand
After the event, tourists had been vanished from the sense, both places were heavily guarded by Thai security official, the shooting in the mosque were investigated by the human right groups recommended by the Thai government in order to clarified the human right violation committed by Thai security official, at last no any Thai security official were punished and “Kerisek mosque completely become the real conflict monument rather than archaeological remains as understand by the archaeologists”