EasyHits4U.com - Your Free Traffic Exchange - 1:1 Exchange Ratio, 5-Tier Referral Program. FREE Advertising!


2. Amrita Malhi. January 15th, 2010. Patani and Turkey: What’s the connection?. New Mandala.
3. Aide-memoire. 13th session of the UN human right council, German office. 1st-26th March 2010. Society for threatened people. Thailand.
4. ARC. 21/12/2009 02:15 PM. The disappearance of Mr. Abduloh Abukaree, a grave jeopardy to a key criminal case. A Statement from Cross Culture …...Foundation forwarded by the …. Asian uman Rights Commission
5. Andy. FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 2008 Changwat, Amphoe, Tambon Administrative history of Pattani.mht.http://Tambon blogspot.com
6. Asia Report N๐181, 8 December 2009 Thailand. Southern Thailand: Moving towards Political Solutions?. Crisis Watch. International Crisis Group Report. Bangkok/Brussels.
7. Asia Report N๐105, Thailand. 18 Nov 2005. Thailand’s Emergency Decree: No Solution. Crisis Watch. International Crisis group Report. Jakarta/Brussels,
8. Asia Report N๐ 170, 22 Jun 2009. Thailand : Recruiting Militants in Southern Thailand. Crisis Watch. International Crisis group Report. Bangkok/Brussels, 22 June 2009.
9. Asia Briefing N๐ 80, 28 Aug 2008 Thailand : Thailand: Political Turmoil and the Southern Insurgency. Crisis Watch. International Crisis group Report. Bangkok/Brussels.
10. Asia Report No140, 23 Oct 2007. Thailand : Southern Thailand: The Problem with Paramilitaries, Crisis Watch. International Crisis group Report. Bangkok/Brussels.
11. Asia Report No129, 15 Mar 2007. Thailand. Southern Thailand: The Impact of the Coup. Crisis Watch. International Crisis group Report. Bangkok/Brussels.
12. Asia Report No98, 18 May 2005. Thailand : Southern Thailand: Insurgency, Not Jihad. Crisis Watch. International Crisis group Report. Bangkok/Brussels.
13. Abubakar, Ayesah. 2005 “Keeping the Peace: The International Monitoring Team
14. Ahmad, Aijaz. 1981. “Class and Colony in Mindanao” in Gutierez, Eric et. Al. 2000. Rebels,
15. Abubakar A. eds, Islamic Liberation Front” in The Mindanao Conflict. SEACSN Publications. Penang, Malaysia
16. Ahmad, Aijaz. 1981b. “The War Against the Muslims” in Gutierez, Eric et. Al. 2000. Rebels,
17. Amnesty International. 2008. Shattered Peace in Mindanao: The uman Cost of Conflict inthe Philippines. ASA350082008. Download …from,http://www.amnesty.org/en /library/info /ASA35 /008/2008/en> on 18May 2009.
18. Amnat Sombatynuchit, Jurirat buakaew, 2004,Krongchai Hutta, Somboon Thanasuk,  A Study of the Site of Ancient Pottery Kilns in Pattani., Research Report, Prince of Songkhla University, Pattani, Thailand.
19. Askew, Mark. 2007. Conspiracy, Politics and Disorderly Border: The Struggle to Comprehend Insugency in Thailand’s Deep South. Policy studies no. 29. East-West …Center. …Washington D.C.
20. Anan Wattananikon, first edition, The history of Langkasuka-Patani, kledthai ,Bangrak, Bangkok, ISBN: 959.39501.(Thai Language)
21, A. Teeuw, and David K. Wyat, (trans.), ikayat Patani: The Story of Patani (The ague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1970).
22. Article 60 of the Malaysian Constitution defines `Malay` as follows: “ `Malay` means a person who professes the religion of Islam, …….habitually speaks the Malay language, conforms to Malay custom and – was before Merdeka Day born in the Federation or in Singapore …….or born of parents one of whom was born in the Federation or in Singapore, or is on that day domiciled in the Federation or in Singapore; …….or is the issue of such a person.” (Virginia Matheson ooker, “Malay and Islam in Contemporary Malaysia” in Contesting Malayness: …….Malay ….Identity Across Borders, ed. Timothy P. Barnard (Singapore: Singapore University Press, 2004), p. 158; my emphasis).
22. A poll taken of 1029 people in peninsular Malaysia by the Muslim Identities Public Opinion Survey in 2006 revealed a surprising result: when asked if one had to assume a single identity 73% of respondents saw themselves as “Muslims”, 14% as “Malaysian”, and only 13% “Malay”; “Poll shows 73% think we are Islamic state”, The Sun, September 05, 2006, in World Wide Religious News, http://www.wwrn.org/article.php?idd=22626&sec=33&cont=all
A brief introduction to the Malay Kingdom of Patani [1], A brief introduction to the Malay Kingdom of Patani[1].mht., TUESDAY, 21 DECEMBER 2004 00:00

Anan Wttananikorn, History of kingdom of Langkasuka(Patani City State)
Alexander Horstmann, Approaching peace in Patani, SouthernThailand -some anthropological considerations, Published online: 12 December 2007,Springer-Verlag 2007

Anne Kislenko. Culture and Customs of Thailand. Westport: Greenwood. 2004. Ayutthaya versus Pattani in the 'era of rebellion, http://mizteryjw.blogspot.com/2007/10/ayutthaya-versus-pattani-in-era-of.html

Ahmad Fathy al-Fatani. Pengantar Sejarah Patani. Alor Setar: Pustaka Darussalam, 1994.
Al-Jazeera News. 2008. Thai exile seeks sovereign south. February 25. http://english.aljazeera.net.
Amnesty International, Thailand: torture in the southern counter-insurgency, January 2009.*A brief history of the Indus River Geological Society, London ... Nov 23, 2010 ... Abstract: The Indus River system is one of the largest rivers on the Asian continent, ...... 1, Burma Basin; 2, Irrawaddy Fan; 3, Pattani ... http://sp.lyellcollection.org/cgi/reprint/195/1/237.pdf
seismic data in the Pattani basin, Gulf of Thailand. Interpretation of the statistical ... 3.1.6 Approximate area of splay versus the river channel width ...
Askew, M. (2007). Conspiracy, Politics, and a Disorderly Border: The Struggle to Comprehend
Insurgency in Thailand's Deep South (Vol. 29).Washington DC: East-West Center
Washington.Avruch, K. (1998). Culture & Conflict Resolution. Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press. Cozette, M. (2008). Classical Realism on the Future of International Relations. InternationalStudies Review, 10(4), 667-679.
Armed Violence and Development. Retrieved from 

Ishii, Y. (1994). Thai Muslims and the Royal Patronage of Religion. Law & Society Review,
28(3), 453-460
 Associated Press, ‘Malaysia warns Thailand’s restive south could become terrorist breeding
ground’, International Herald Tribune, 8 Feb. 2007.
Associated Press, ‘Thailand insurgency may have links to the broader world of radical Islam’,
International Herald Tribune, 10 Mar. 2007.
Abulof, U. (2009). "Small Peoples": The Existential Uncertainty of Ethnonational Communities.International Studies Quarterly, 53(1), 227-248
Azra, “Transmission of Islamic Reformism,” p.514.
Amat Juhari Ph.D, THE ORIGIN AND SPREAD OF  THE JAWI SCRIPT Sub-regional Symposium on the Incorporation of the Languages of Asian Muslim Peoples into the Standardized Quranic Script

Project (SQSP), Kuala Lumpur, 5-7 November 2008 Bangi Malaysia

Artikel Tuan Guru Haji Sulong al-Fathani.mht
*Abdul Rahim Mohamed Zakaria,  Legacy of Haji Sulong in contemporary separatist struggle in Thailand's restive south, Thesis, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, MSC(STRATEGIC STUDIES) http://hdl.handle.net/10356/14380, 2008-11-13T09:18:34Z, Nanyang Technology University.
*Alan Dawson, History: South Thai Conflict,  July 30, 2008, http://www.techcentralstation.com/072105E.html
*Alastair Leithead, Thailand's shadowy southern insurgency,  BBC News, southern Thailand, Friday, 6 November 2009, http://news.bbc.co.uk/
*Anan Wattananikorn, Tracing the past of Pattani, Center for Southern Thailand studies.
*Anthony Davis, "School system forms the frontline in Thailand's southern unrest," Jane's Intelligence Review, November 2004. Email:plough@ploughshares.ca

*Armed Conflicts Report, Thailand (2004 - first combat deaths), Update: January 2010, Project Ploughshares, 57 Erb Street West Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 6C2 tel (519) 888-6541 fax (519) 888-0018
*Asia Foundation, Democracy & Conflict in Southern Thailand: A 2010 Survey of Yala, Narathiwas and Pattani, First In-Person Survey on Democracy and Conflict in Southern Thailand to Launch December 16,  December 8, 2010
*Asia-Pacific, Rebel attack in southern Thailand kills four soldiers, BBC News, 20 January 2011, http://news.bbc.co.uk/
*Asian Centre for Human Rights, Thailand: Not Smiling on Rights, A shadow report to the Initial Report of Thailand to the Human Rights Committee,  Embargoed for: 18 July 2005,  Email: suhaschakma@achrweb.org:  Website: www.achrweb.org
*Ayres, William, Archaeology of South Thailand, Paper presented at the symposium on Early Southeast Asia, Bangkok and Nakhon Pathom.
* Abdullah bin Muhammad, Karya lengkapal-Misri: Bayan al-Asmaʾ, Hikayat ...
*, The root cause and Aggravating Factors behind the Violence in Patani, Working paper,Academia.edu -Share research, adam.dr.john@hotmail.com

23. Bailey and Miksic. 1985 istory of the Malay Kingdom of Patani (Translation of Sejarah Kerajaan Melayu Patani (SKMP)in Jawi script by Ibrahim Syukri. 1950. Ohio University press – ……..Swallow press).
24. Bougas, Wayne A., 1990, Patani in The Beginning of the XVII Century, ARCIPEL 39, I’Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales Paris, pp. 113-138.
25. Bougas, Wayne A., 1994, The Kingdom of Patani between Thai and Malay Mandala, Institut Alam dan Tamadun Melayu, Selangor.
26. Blusse, L., 1979, Chinese Merchant in Patani, A Study in Early Dutch-Chinese Relation, Proceeding of the IAA 7th Conference, Chulalongkorn University Press, Bangkok, …..August, pp. 2-12.
27.“Bahrun”, Yihat si thao: khrai sang khrai liang fai tai (Grey Jihad: Who Started and Who is Stoking the Southern Fire) (Bangkok: Sarika, 2005), p. 93.
28. Brian . Kay. 1999. Water resources : health, environment and development. E&Fn spon. London

Bures, F., ‘Muslim unrest flares in Thailand’, Christian Science Monitor, 7 Jan. 2004,

25 River Basins in Thailand. Basin No. Name of River Basins. Catchment Area. (sq .km.) 01 Salawin ... 24 Pattani. 3853. 25 South West Coast ...
Nov 11, 2006 ... Perlis River and thence north to the range of hills which ... Sungei Patani, Sungei Telubin and Sungei Perak, to a ...
Brown, D., Contending Nationalisms in Southeast Asia, Working Paper no. 117 (Asia Research
Centre, Murdoch University: Murdoch, Jan. 2005), , pp. 17–18.
Ban on Islamic Dress in State-Run Schools Lifted. 1997. Bangkok Post. 2 September 2001 August 19, Islamic Teaching: One country, two educational systems?
Bangkok Post. 2008. Army pans disarmament plan. February 7. http://www.bangkokpost.com.
Bangkok Post. 2008. Chalerm drops autonomy idea for south. February 15. http://www.bangkokpost.com.
Bangkok Post. 2008. Insurgent bomb wounds seven children. March 17. http://www.bangkokpost.com.
Bangkok Post. 2008. Man linked to seven murders detained for questioning. February 19.
Bangkok Post. 2008. Muslim politician murdered in mosque. 18 February. http://www.bangkokpost.com.
Bangkok Post. 2008. PM: Rebels hold talks in Geneva. March 19. http://www.bangkokpost.com.
Bangkok Post. 2008. School builders killed. April 24.
Bangkok Post. 2008. Security forces arrest 13 insurgent suspects. February 8.
Brown, David. 1988. From peripheral communities to ethnic nations: Separatism in Southeast Asia. Pacific
Affairs 61 (1): 51-77.
BBC News. 2008. Q&A: Bangkok Protests. December 2.
Bukhari, Parvaiz. 2006. For southern Thailand, still no peace. Time Magazine, 21 December.
e'>International Herald Tribune, 10 Mar. 2007.
*Barbara Watson Andaya; Leonard Y. Andaya, A History of Malaysia: Second Edition, University of Hawai`i Press, paper, ISBN 978-0-8248-2425-9, $29.00 
cloth, ISBN 978-0-8248-2424-2, $51.00,  January 2001

*Bougas: Wayne A. Some early Islamic Tombstone in Pattani, Journal of Malaysian Branch of The Royal Asiatic Society 59(1): 85—112. 1985
*Bureau of Technical and International Cooperation, Constitution of kingdom of Thailand BE 2550(2007), Unofficial Translation, Secretariat general of the administrative court. Bangkok, Thailand.

29. Carment, David, et.al. 2006. ..Who intervenes? Ethnic conflict and Interstate Crisis . Ohio. State University Press.
30. Chidchanok Rahimmula. (2001) Peace Resolution: A Case Study of Separatist and TerroristMovement in Southern Border Provinces of Thailand. Songkhla: Princeof Songkhla University.
31. Coronel-Ferrer, Miriam. 2001. Framework for Autonomy in Southeast Asia's Plural Societies .Nontraditional
32. Croissant, Aurel. 2005."Unrest in Southern Thailand: Countours, Causes, Consequences. Since 2001" in Strategic Insights Vol IV, No. 2. Center for Contemporary …Conflict, … ….Naval Postgraduat e Academy. Monterey, California
33. Cameron, William, 1883, On the Patani, Journal of the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, Vol. 11, June, pp. 123-142.32. Cultural Properties Department, 2003, Report …...on ….oi An Former International Port Town Conservation Cooperation Project, Agency for Cultural Affairs, JAPAN, March..32. Craig J. Reynolds, ed., National Identity and Its …...Defenders: Thailand 1939–89 (Chiang Mai, Silkworm Books, 1991).
34. Chaiwat is regarded as being the main influence in the report of the National Reconciliation Council released in May 2006, which among other things called for the …government to recognize the local Malay dialect as a “working language” by the government. The chairman of the NRC, former Prime Minister Anand Panyarachun, has …also publicly called for the recognition of the Malay ethnicity of the Muslims in the border provinces in contrast to then PM Thaksin Shinawatra`s more nationalist line. …Following ….the publication of the NRC`s report, Gen. Prem Tinasulanond, Chairman of the politically influential Privy Council and popularly regarded as the King`s spokesman, …publicly ….rejected the proposal of using Malay as a working language. For Bahrun`s critique of the National Reconciliation Council see “Bahrun”, Yihat si thao, pp. 75-82 …and Mong …prawatisat duai ta nuea” in Fa Dio Kan, Vol. 4, No. 2, April – June 2006, pp. 107-111.
35. Chiwat Sataanan DR, Nakon Patani(Patani Metropolitan), http://76.nationchannel.com/playvideo.php?id(Thai Languge),
36.Chiwat Sataanan DR, Wikroh Fai Tai (Southern Cnflict Analyzes),  Thai lngugege,  http://76.nationchannel.com/playvideo.php?id=42168.
Che Man, W.K. "Patani: From Sovereign State to Sub-nation" In Journal – Institute of Muslim Minority Affairs. Vol. 14: 1993.
Chaiwat Satha Anand. The Life of this World: Negotiated Muslim Lives in Thai Society. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish. 2005.
Chronology, Thailand, http://www.worldstatesmen.org
CIA Released Documents, Geographic brief on Thailand-Malay border area (with attached), Created: 4/1/1969, Intelligence Report, Directorate of intelligent ( OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible)

different locations on the Pattani River (polluted due to historical tin mining near two villages and a boat repair yard near the other two, see Geater ...
http://www.thaiscience.info/Article for ThaiScience/Article/2/Ts-2 can the box plot be improved.pdf
The Pak Phanang River is as wide as Chao Praya River in Bangkok. The house of a district head officer is ... being built in Pattani. The commissioners ...
of the delta. Several dams were built in Thailand including the Bank Lang Dam on the Pattani River,. Chiew Laan Dam on the Phum Duang River, Kui ...
Chao Phraya/Pattani. 11. 2F0.4b. 4F0.8b. Pearl/S. China Sea. 69. 14F3. 23F4. Red River/Yinggehai. 133. 42F8. 43F8. Yangtze/East China Sea 480 ...
http://www.geo.tu-freiberg.de/tektono/downloadfiles/Clift_Controls On Erosion Central Asia _EPSL_v241_2006.pdf
Connors, M. K., ‘War on error and the southern fire: how terrorism analysts get it wrong’,
Critical Asian Studies, vol. 38, no. 1 (Mar. 2006), pp. 157–58.
Cumming-Bruce, N., ‘Thai shift of power by decree draws fire’, International Herald Tribune,
19 July 2005.
Carool Kersten, The Predicament of Thailand’s,The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 21:4
Cf. Michael Vickery, “Thai Regional Elites and the Reforms of King Chulalongkorn,” Journal of Asian Studies, 29, no. 4 (1970): 863-81. For an, innovating and highly original account of this episode, cf. Thongchai Winichakul, Siam Mapped: The History of the Geo-body of a Nation (ChiangMai: Silkworm Books, 1994).
Compiled by M. Turpin from manuscripts received from M. the Bishop of Tabraca Vicar Apostolic of Siam and from other Missionaries in the Kingdom. HISTORY OF THE KINGDOM OF SIAM AND OF THE REVOLUTIONS THT HAVE CAUSED THE OVER THROW OF THE EMPIRE, UP TO A. D. 1770. Published Originally at
Paris A. D. 1771. Translated from the original French by B. 0. CARTWRIGHT, B.A. EXHIBITIONER KING'S COLLEGE (CAMB). Bangkok 1908. Printed under the auspices of the Committee of the Vajiranana National Library. BANGKOK : Printed at the "American Presby. Mission Press."
C.0.BLAGDEN, S.S.C.S.(Rbtd.), M.R.A.S. SIAM AND THE MAIAY PENINSULA(Library of  Goerg B Mo Farland)
Chaiwat Satha-Anand (Qader Muheideen), The Nonviolent Crescent: Eight Theses on Muslim
Nonviolent Actions
Chaiwat Satha-Anand, Islam and Violence: A Case Study of Violent Events in the Four Southern Provinces of Thailand 1976-1981 Tampa, Florida: University of South Florida Monograph on Religions and Public Policy, 1987.
Charoenpo, Anucha. 2008. Samak cool to autonomy idea. Bangkok Post, February 13. http://www.bangkokpost.com.
Che Man, Wan Kedir. 1990. Muslim separatism of the Moros of the southern Philippines and the
Malays of southern Thailand. New York: Oxford University Press.
Croissant, Aurel. 2005. Unrest in south Thailand: Contours, causes, and consequences since 2001. Strategic
Insights 4 (2): 1-17.  
*Chidchanok Rahimmula, "Crisis in the Southern Border" ("วิกฤติการณ์ชายแดนใต้"), in Uthai Dulyakasem and Lertchai Sirichai, eds., Knowledge and Conflict Resolution(ความรู้กับการแก้ปัญหาความขัดแย้ง) (Bangkok: The Asia Foundation, 2005)
*Contemporary South East Asia,  Thailand's intractable southern war: policy, insurgency and discourse, The Gale Group, a part of Cengage, Learning,  01-AUG-08,  http://goliath.ecnext.com/coms2/browse_R_C122
*Classic Encyclopedia,  MALAY STATES (SIAMESE).
37. David J. WDelch and Judith R. McNeill. 1989. Archaeological Survey of Patani istory. University of Singapore.
38. Dr.Imtiaz Yusuf & Dr.Lars Peter Schmid. 2006. Understanding Conflict and Approaching Peace in Southern Thailand. Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e.V. Bangkok.
39. Dennis B. MacGilvray and Mirak Raheem.2007. Policy Study 41: Muslim Perspectives on the Sri Lankan Conflict. The East-West Center, Washington.
ALLAYARAM WAN MOD.SAGIRABDULLA, Wed, 30 Dec 2009 12:48. Dunia Melayu Menurut Sheikh Ahmad al-Fathani. Dipetik dari Utusan Malaysia. ……http://blogtraditionalislam.wordpress.
40. Dr Joseph Liow. Sep 3, 2004. Asia time Online, South East Asia, Speaking Freely. The truth about Pondok schools in Thailand.
41. Davisakd, Of a Lesser Brilliance, my emphasis.
42. Doraijoo, Saroja. 2002. From Mecca to Yala: Negotiating Islam in Present-day SouthernThailand. Paper presented at the conference "Islam in Southeast Asia and …China: …
43. Department of Fine Arts, 1987, Report of Survey of istoric Building in Phuket City, Document No.3/2530, Conservation and Restoration of istoric City Project, istorical …...Building Conservation Section. (In Thai)
44. Department of Fine Arts, n.d., Report of Conservation and Development of Chino-Portuguese Project in Ranong, Phang-nga, Krabi and Trang Provinces, Office of Archeology ….and Museum No. 12; Phuket. (In Thai)
DEVID RAJAH, KERIS IN OKINAWA,Surprising find at Okinawa temple, Article published in the David Wyatt. Studies in Thai History Chiang Mai: Silkworm. 1994, Star Online, June 26, 2003

Dharavadi kingdom, www.siamrecorder.com,

DING CHOO MING, Local Creation for Global Use in the Information Age:Accessing Malay Indigenous Information at ATMA via the Portal www.malaycivilization.com, Sina rthi e2 2In (f2o0rm04a)t i1o4n3 A -g 1e5: 8Accessing Malay 143

Dome Kraipakorn, Historical Discourse on the Decline and Fall of Patani: from the Hikayat Patani to the Modern Texts, Panyapiwat Institute of Technology, ThailandF

Dr. Suria Saniwa, DEMOCRACY AND ELECTIONS: A Case Study of the Malay-Muslims in Southern Thailand, Malay-Muslims in Southern Thailand, Yala Islamic University
Davis, A., ‘Ethnic divide widens in Thailand’, Jane’s Terrorism & Security Monitor, 17 Nov. 2004.
D.G. E. Hall, A History of Southeast Asia, 4th ed. (London: MacMillan,1981), 506-11.
Dr Zahidi Zainol Rashid.  BIOGRAPHY Contemporary Islamic Movement.mht
Dr. Imtiaz Yusof, The southern conflict and the Muslim world, Graduate school of philosophy and Religion, Assumtion Universty, Bangkok, Public  seminar on “Southern violence and the Thai state” Non violence, violence and Thai society, Senior research scholar, the Thailand research fund(TRF),In cooperation of with princess Mahachakri Sirindhorn anthropology center and Faculty of  political science, Thammasat University, Friday 18th-Saturday 19th August 2006 Room 407 Princess  Mahachakri Sirindhoen Anthropology Center
Burney Treaty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
David Carment, P. J., and Zynep Taydas (2009). The Internationalization of Ethnic Conflict:
State, Society, and Synthesis. International Studies Review, 11(1), 63-86.
Guilhot, N. (2008). The Realist Gambit: Postwar American Political Science and the Birth of IR
DENNIS P. WALKER, Conflict Between the Thai and Islamic Cultures in Southern Thailand (Patani) 1948-2005
Isla-miyya-t 27(1)-Monash Asia Institute Building II Monash University Victoria 3800 Australia donxa@hotmail.com
David Rapoport, “Fear and Trembling: Terrorism in ThreePolitical Traditions,” American Political Science Review 78, no. 3 (September 19840)
in the lower Miocene during the main basin-forming rifting phase and river flow became the dominant drainage mechanism. As the Pattani basin subsided ...
Download PDF - R ESEARCH ARTICLES,  fresh water, polluted by industrial and mining activities, from the outflow of the Pattani. River. The metal concentrations measured in the lower reach from
The Bishop of Tabraca Vicar Apostolic of Siam and from other Missionaries in the Kingdom. HISTORY OF THE KINGDOM OF SIAM AND OF THE REVOLUTIONS THAT HAVE CAUSED THE OVER THROW OF THE EMPIRE, UP TO A. D. 1770. Published Originally at Paris A. D. 1771. Translated from the original French by B. 0. CARTWRIGHT, B.A. EXHIBITIONER KING'S COLLEGE (CAMB). Bangkok 1908. Printed under the auspices of the Committee of the Vajiranana National Library. BANGKOK : Printed at the "American Presby. Mission Press."

*Darwish Moawad, 2006, Southernmost Thailand Violence: Illiteracy, Poverty, Politics, Illicit Drugs Trafficking, Smuggling and Nationalist Separatists - not Religions and Cultures- the Issue. , pg 9 http://www.cis.psu.ac.th/mis/article/wp-content/uploads/2006/07/article3.pdf [accessed 31st June 2006]
*David Brown, "From Peripheral Communities to Ethnic Nations: Separatism In Southeast Asia," Pacific Affairs, vol. 61, no. 1 (Spring 1988)
*Duncan McCargo, Co-optation and Resistance in Thailand’s Muslim South: The Changing Role of Islamic Council Elections, Government and Opposition, Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 93–113, 2010 doi:10.1111/j.1477-7053.2009.01305.x

45. ERNEST RYS. NOV 5 1966 14.A literary & historical atlas of Asia". EVERYMAN'S LIBRARY. General Library. University of Californ5ia .Berkeley .
46. Elin Sand. 2001. Ungu 1571-1635 Malay Kingdom of Patani: Woman Ruler: Woman Rule. ISBN :9781583483947. iUniverse. contact Elin Sand at: ……womanruler@yahoo.com
47. Editorial. Wednesday, 04 March 2009 10:47. 5 years the deep south violence: Foreign Journalist in the deep south to international” and Thailand. ……amannews.org.
48. Edgardo Pedro Legaspi,10-12 June 2009. Case Studies of Ethnic Minority Conflicts in Southern Philippines and Southern Thailand. Paper prepared for the 6th Asia-…Europe …..Roundtable, Derry and Letterkenny.
49. Excerpts from the Thai dynastic chronicles of the First, Second and Third Reigns, as well as histories of Kedah, Kelantan, Trengganu, and Pattani compiled by Thai state officials …in Paramin Khrueathong, ed., Sayam-Pattani nai tamnan kan to su melayu muslim (Siam-Pattani in the istory of the Struggle of the Malay Muslims) (Bangkok: …Sinlapawathanatham, 2005). See also Chulalongkorn`s reference to khaek and melayu in Raya thang sadet phra ratchadamnoen praphat thank bo thang ruea rop laem melau …ratanakosin sok 109 (Royal Journal by Land and Sea Around the Malay Peninsula 1891), Vols. 1 & 2 (Bangkok: Khurusapha, 1964).
50. ere we should be just as careful not to essentialize a monolithic, unchanging “Arabic” culture that is sometimes inherent in critiques of the so-called “Arabization” of ….Southeast Asian Islam. It should come as no surprise that Arabic cultures are diverse, and are also undergoing considerable change, particularly amongst the young, as a result ….of the same factors that are affecting cultures everywhere, among them globalization, consumerism, and liberalism.

Edgardo Pedro Legaspi, Case Studies of Ethnic Minority Conflicts in Southern Philippines and Southern Thailand  ,Paper prepared for the 6th Asia-Europe Roundtable,Derry and Letterkenny, 10-12 June 2009

51. Farish A. Noor, Islam Embedded: The Historical Development of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party PAS (1951 – 2003), Vol. 2 ….(Kuala.Lumpur: Malaysian Sociological Research Institute, 2004), pp. 349 ff.
52. Fa Dio Kan, Vol. 4, No. 2, April – June 2006, pp. 107-111.
53. France-Diplomatie. Malaysian nation-Making and Thai Speaking Buddhists in Kedah. Kagoshima University.For a critical view of the way Islam and terrorism are commonly conflated and confused in academic literature and beyond, see Richard Jackson, “Constructing Enemies: Islamic
terrorism in Political and Academic Discourse,” Government and Opposition, 42, 3 (2007):394–426.

France-Diplomatie > France priorities > Archaeology > Archaeology Notebooks > Asia - Oceania > Thailand - Patani

Francis R. Bradley. The World of the Hikayat Patani. M.A. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2006.

Forbes, Andrew (pnyt.). 1988. The Muslims of Thailand. Bihar, Gaya: Center for Southeast Asian Studies.
Fraser, Thomas M. 1966. Fishermen of South Thailand: the Malay Villagers. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston
Forbes, Andrew D.W. 1982. Thailand’s Muslim minorities: Assimilation, secession, or coexistence?” Asian
Survey 22
(11): 1056-73. Freedom House. 2008. Freedom in the world ratings: 1972-2006.
*Fadell Hayeeharasah, The Patani script is a cultural treasure for all of Thailand, Special to The Nation,
October 15, 2010, www.nationmultimedia.com
*FARISH NOOR, Thailand’s Dirty War, Q-NEWS, MAY 2004 | RABI THANI 1425 | NO.356, Q
NEWS MEDIA LTD, P.O.BOX 4295 London,W1A 7YH, www.q-news.com, info@q-news.com

54. Godinho de Eredia 'Desciption of Malaca' Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, Reprint 14, 1997

Ghosh, Nirmal. 2004. In Southern Thailand, time heals no wounds. Straits Times, Singapore, 25 June

the Isthmus of Khra, wherein there are only small rivers such as Tapi, and Pattani River with abundant geographic barriers. Fish were caught by fishermen in ...
Geography and Map of Thailand.mht
Gilquin, Michel. 2005. The Muslims of Thailand. United States: Silkworm Books.
Glahan, Surasak and Wassana Nanuam. 2008. Critics rap arms-free south plan. Bangkok
Post,February 6. http://www.bangkokpost.com. 
Gopinath, Aruna. 1991. International aspects of the Thai Muslim and Philippine Moro issues: A
comparative study. In Internationalization of ethnic conflict, ed. K.M. de Silva and R.J. May,
125-47. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Gunaratna, Rohan, Arabinda Acharya and Sabrina Chua. 2005. Conflict and terrorism in southern Thailand, Singapore: Marshall Cavendish International
*Global Report 2008, Child Soldiers, Thailand, Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers 2009

55. Herbert Docena. 2000. Thailand, Patani Malay nationalism. H istory, Race and Ethnicity Studies : Social Movements and Social Change » Collective Behavior... http://www.nhb.gov.sg/ACM/Exhibits/PastExhibitions/SpiritOfWood.htm : 5 Sep 2003 to 30 Nov 2003 Spirit of Wood : The Art of Woodcarving in the ……Northeast Malay Peninsula .
57. He is particularly critical of the government-appointed National Reconciliation Council, which he views as “lost in the history of the Malay kingdom and Malay identity; p.
58. Hassan Madmarn. 1999. The Pondok and Madrasah in Patani. Bangi : University .Kebangsaan Malaysia
59. Human Rights Watch. 2007. No One Is Safe: Insurgent Attacks on Civilians in Thailand's Southern Border Provinces. uman Rights Watch Report Vol 19. No. 13(C). Downloaded from on 28 August 2007
Henry Louis ,On the River Telubin The Geographical Journal, Vol. 4, No. 3 (Sep., 1894), pp. 219-237 , (article consists of 25 pages) Published by: Blackwell Publishing on behalf of The Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers), Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774235


History of Thailand, History of Thailand from Sukhothai to the PAD demonstrations.mht,

River Terrapin. Tao Ka-an, Tao Chaan. เตากะอาน, เตาจาน. SOUTH: Satun: Langu; Pattani;. Ranong: Pak Chan River. Smith (1916b), Taylor (1917), ...
http://chm-thai.onep.go.th/chm/Doc/Publication/ONEP09/03-amphibians 2.pdf
Pattani. 35. Lop Buri. 73. Yala. 36. Saraburi. 61. Nakhon Si Thammarat ... valleys, which run to the south and join the river Menam. ...
Horstmann, A., ‘The Tablighi Jama’at, transnational Islam, and the transformation of the self
between southern Thailand and South Asia’, Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the
Middle East, vol. 27, no. 1 (2007), pp. 26–40.
Horstmann, A., ‘Ethnohistorical perspectives on Buddhist–Muslim relations and coexistence in
southern Thailand: from shared cosmos to the emergence of hatred?’, Journal of Social Issues in
Southeast Asia, vol. 19, no. 1 (Apr. 2004), pp. 76–99
History of Malaysia.mht
S P Harish, How Malaysia sees Thailand's southern strife, Southeast Asia , Asia Times Online, Feb 8, 2006
Harai, Waedao. 2008. Two suspected rebels killed. Bangkok Post, April 11.
Hassan, Mohamed Jawhar. 2007. Terrorism, insurgency and religious fundamentalism in Southeast
Asia. Paper presented at the annual Asian Security Conference, Feb. 9-10, in New Delhi, India.
Human Rights Watch. 2007. No one is safe: Insurgent violence against civilians in Thailand’s
southern border provinces. 19 (13).

*Hoon Peow1, Politics of Religious and Ethnic Identity the Cases of Southern Thailand and Southern Philippines, Uluslararası Sosyal Ara_tırmalar Dergisi,  The

Journal of International Social ResearchVolume 2 / 9 Fall 2009

*Human Rights Watch.htm,  No One Is Safe,    Insurgent Attacks on Civilians in Thailand’s Southern Border Provinces, August 27, 2007

*Hortman, A. (n.d.), Transformation of Buddhist-Muslim Coexistence in Southern Thailand, http://www.Uni-muenster.de/ethnologie/South Thai/resource/Transformation.pdf

60. International Crisis Group, Southern Thailand: Insurgency, Not Jihad, Asia Report N°98 – 18 May 2005, pp. 7-10.
61. I am unaware of any scholarly study that has looked closely at PAS`s influence in the provinces of southern Thailand, despite the fact that PAS leaders frequently comment in the ….media about the situation in southern Thailand, and party leaders including PAS Chief Minister in Kelantan, Nik Aziz Nik Mat, are well known in the southern Thai provinces and …have traveled on numerous occasions.
62. Imtiyaz Yusuf . 2007. Southern Thailand and the Muslim World, - a paper delivered at the public seminar on the "Southern Violence and the Thai State" on 18-19 … …February 2006 at the Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre, Bangkok Thailand.
63. International Crisis Group, Southern Thailand: Insurgency, Not Jihad, Asia Report No98 18 May 2005.
64. Ibrahim Syukri,History of the Malay Kingdom of Patani (Sejarah Kerajaan Melayu Patani), Translated by Conner Bailey and John N. Miksic, (Bangkok: Silkworm Books, 2005).
65. International Crisis Group, Southern Thailand, p. 2
66. In 2006, Nidhi Eeosiwong`s “Midnight University” network of academics, students and social activists organized an informal course in “Malay Studies”, with lectures ….delivered by Thai academics on Malay society as well as the conflict in the south. Some of these lectures were posted on the network`s website: …http://www.geocities.com/midarticle/newpage330.html. In May 2006, a seminar on Malay Studies was organized by Midnight University at the College of Islamic Studies at Prince …of Songkhla University, Pattani.
67. (IMT)Mission in Mindanao" Askandar, K. and Abubakar A. eds. The Mindanao Conflict. SEACSN. Publications. Penang
68. In fact, these “mainstream cultures” have themselves been undergoing a transition at the very moment of large-scale Muslim immigration, with the gradual weakening of the ….nation-states and the national identities they nurtured as a result of the project of European integration, and more generally, globalization.
69. Istanbul-The new leader of the Patanis, Nur Abdurrahman, spoke first with the World Bulletin. World Bulletin-Turkey News-WorldNews:mht.

International Federation for human right : Briefing note on the situation in the South of Thailand, March 2009

Ihsanoglu, E., Secretary General of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), and Pibulsonggram, N., Thai Minister of Foreign Affairs, Joint statement at the conclusion of the OIC delegation’s official visit to Thailand, 1 May 2007, >.
 Inamullah Khan, “Nuclear War and the Defence of Peace: The Muslim View,” International Peace Research Newsletter 23, no. 2 (April1985)

*International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced disappearance

*Islamic Human Rights Commission, A brief introduction to the Malay Kingdom of Patani [1] , Tuesday, 21 December 2004, www.ihrc.org.uk

70. John Walsh. June 30,2005. The Malay Kingdom of Patani. Suite 101 .com
71. John Andrews. May-June 1988. From Bunga Mas to Minarets, pages 30-37 of printed edition of Saudi Aramco World.
72. Joshua Project. 20-Oct-2009. Malay, Pattani of Thailand. A Ministry of the U.S. Center for World Mission...
73. Joe Elvant's Blog. Desember 16, 2008. Srivijaya Kingdom.
74. Jira Jintanugool, Philip D. Round and Interwader. Ao Pattani (Pattani Bay).
75. Jureerat Buakaew. 1987-1988. The primary survey of a historical site in Patani: A case study at Chabang Tiga …..Palace. Prince of Songkhla University foundation.51.
John T. Sidel, The Islamist Threat in Southeast Asia: A Reassessment (Washington DC: East-West Center, Policy Studies 37, 2007), 3.
Jitpiromrisi, S., and McCargo, D. (2008). A Ministry for the South: New Governance Proposals

for Thailand's Southern Region. Contemporary Southeast Asia, 30(3), 403-428.
John Ferguson, War and Peace in the World’s Religions (London:Sheldon Press, 1977)
Joginder Singh Jessy, History of South-East Asia (1824-1965), Cambridge General, Certificate of Education(G.C.E.), Advance “A” level Examination.
Jory, Patrick. 1999. Political decentralization and the resurgence of regional identities in Thailand. Australian
Journalof Social Issues 34 (4): 337-52.
Jitpiromsri, Srisompob and Panyasak Sobhonvasu. 2006. Unpacking Thailand’s southern conflict: The poverty of structural explanations. Critical Asian Studies 38 (1): 95-117 (March)
*Jory, P. (2002), Mulliculturalism in Thailand? Cultural and Regional Resurgence in a Diverse Kingdom. Havard Asia Pacific Review.  http://hcs.harvard.edu/hapr/winterOO-millenium/Thailand.html

* Jiesheng Li, Thai policies towards Islamic Religious Schools

76. Krongchai uttha, 1998, Patani- Trade and Administration in the Past, Patani Studies Project, Faculty of umanity and Social Science, Prince of Songkhla University, Patani . …..Campus. (In Thai)
77. Kamaruzzaman Bustamam-Ahmad, “Voices of Islam in SEA after 11 September : `Islam adhari` and `Islam Liberal` ”, Workshop Proceedings, Voices of Islam in Europe ….and Southeast Asia, International Workshop, Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat, 20-22 January 2006, pp. 86-100. The ten principles of Islam. adhari are the following: (1) …Faith and piety in Allah; (2) Just and trustworthy government; (3) Freedom and independence to the people; (4) Mastery of knowledge; (5) Balanced and comprehensive economic …development; (6) Good quality of life for all; (7) Protection of the rights of minority groups & women; (8) Cultural and moral integrity; (9) Protection of the environment; and (10) …Strong defence policy. If one changed just one word - “Allah” to “God” - then these ten principles could be the wish-list for virtually any modernizing country in the world, …no matter what the religion of its citizens.
78. Kijangmas, Patani : Behind The Accidental Border. patanibook.blogspot.com/.
79. Kobkua Suwannathat-Pian, “Question of Identity of the Muslims in Southern Thailand: A Comparative Examination of Responses of the Sam-Sams in Satun and of the Thai ….Malay Muslims in the Three Provinces of Yala, Narathiwat, and Pattani to Thailand`s Quest for National Identity”, paper presented at the Workshop, “A Plural Peninsula: …Historical Interactions Among the Thai, Malays, Chinese and Others”, Walailak University, 5-7 February 2004, pp. 178-92, my italics.
80. Kerry B. Collison. Asia News. MONDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 2009. Missing the Nuance in South Thailand.
 Kampung Tanjung Setol.mht, Sejarah(Malay Language)
Krommuendhamrongrajanuphap, Report submitted to the king RamaV, subject: The administrative management of 7 principals Malay states,Private no. 262/43047,4 March Rattanakosin year 114(Thai language)

Kelantan History  All Malaysia.mht

King Mongkut of thailand.mht
Kabir Abd, Rahman. 2008. Article. Patani United Liberation Organisation, http://www.puloinfo.net.
Keyes, Charles F. 1987. Thailand: Buddhist kingdom as modern nation-state. Boulder: Westview Press


Living in the Pattani River Basin: Two contamination scenarios. J Environ Med 2, 11–6. 4. Guilarte TR, Toscano CD (2005) Lead Neurotoxicity: ...

Lepidocephalichthys furcatus, CMK 5606, 27.2 mm SL, Thailand: Pattani River basin. Lepidocephalichthysfurcatus (de Beaufort). (Fig. 4) ...
Liow, J. C. (2006a). International Jihad and Muslim Radicalism in Thailand? Toward an
Alternative Interpretation. Asia Policy(2), 89–108.
Liow, J. C. (2006b). Muslim Resistance in Southern Thailand and the Southern Philippines
Lowy Institute for International Policy, ‘Contemporary Islam in Thailand: religion, state and
society’, Thematic summary of workshop held at the Lowy Institute for International Policy, Sydney,
9 Nov. 2006, Islam in Thailand.pdf>, p. 2.
Lintner, B., ‘Peace stays far away in southern Thailand’, Asia Times, 15 Mar. 2006.
Liow, Joseph C. 2005. Muslim resistance in southern Thailand and southern Philippines: Religion, ideology and politics. Washington, D.C.: The East-West Center, Washington

*Liow, Joseph Chinyong, July 2006, International Jihad and Muslim Radicalism in Thailand? Toward an Alternative Interpretation, Asia Policy
*Lingga, A. S. M. (2004), Muslim Monority in the Philippines. Paper Presented at the SEACSN Conference 2004: "Issues and Challeges for Peace and Conflict Resolution in Southeast Asia", Shangri-La Hotel, Penang, Malaysia, 12-15 Janurary 2004.
81. Mala Rajoo Sathian and Saroja Doraraijoo, “Being Melayu the Thai Way: Perceiving the Thai-Malay Border from a People`s Perspective”, Paper presented at the 9th …International Thai Studies Conference, Nakhon Phanom, 9-12 June 2002.
82. Marriott.Translation-A Fragment of the History of Trengganu and Kelantan( Cerita Patani dan Kelantan, Journal of the Straits Branch, 10.10.Royal Asiatic Society, no.72, 1916, pp.
83. Martin Wie3land,Qingwen Ren,John S. Y. Tan. New developments in dam engineering: proceedings of the 4th International………… Taylor & Francis Page 180-
84. Montree Kietpawpan. 2001.Ecological Risk As85sociated with Eutrophication and Contamination of Lead and in Patani Dam Reservoir.Thesis.
85. Mala Rajo Sathian. October/November 2003. Transcending Borders : Trade and Traders of south Siam and northern Malaya(c. 19th – 20th century).The South East Asian Studies e-…….Bulletin.
86. Mala Rajo Sathian, Rights over Men to Rights over Land: The Economy of Pattani and the Thai State (1880 1920)”, unpublished manuscript, p. 173, fn. 28.
87. Mahathir Mohamed, The Malay Dilemma, (Kuala Lumpur: Pelanduk Publications, 1970).
88. McCargo, D.J. (2008) Tearing Apart the Land: Islam and Legitimacy in Southern Thailand, Cornell University Press
89. McCargo, D.J. (ed.) (2007) Rethinking Thailand's Southern Violence. First ed. National University of Singapore Press.
90. McCargo, D.J.; Pathmanand, U. (2005) The Thaksinization of Thailand. Nordic Institute of Asian Studies.
91. McCargo, D.J. (2003) Media and politics in Pacific Asia. Routledge.
92. McCargo, D.J. (ed.) (2002) Reforming Thai Politics. Copenhagen: Nordic Institute of Asian Studies.McCargo, D.J. (2009), 'Thai politics as reality TV', Journal of Asian .Studies, ….(1), pp.7-195
93. McCargo, D.J. (2007) 'A hollow crown', New Left Review, January-February, pp.135–4488. McCargo, D.J. (2005) 'Network monarchy and legitimacy crises in Thailand'. The …Pacific Review, 18(4), pp.499-519.
94. McCargo, D.J. (2005) 'Network monarchy and legitimacy crises in Thailand'. The Pacific Review, 18(4), pp.499-519.
95. Michael John Montesano, Patrick Jory. Thai south and Malay north: ethnic Inter-actions on the plural Peninsula. Google Books.mht.
Matthew Wheeler, “US and Southern Thailand Conflict”, unpublished paper presented at seminar on “Southern Violence and the Thai State” organized by Chaiwat Satha-Anand,Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre, Bangkok, August 18–19, 2006.
Mabole Malay Association, An Outline of the Past and Present of the Malays of  SriLanka, mabolemalays.com+Michael Connors, “War on Error and the Southern Fire: How Terrorism Analysts get it Wrong,” in Rethinking Thailand’s Southern Violence, ed. Duncan McCargo (Singapore: NUS Press, 2007), 145–64 (also in Critical Asian Studies 38, 1 (2006).

river system flowed south during Oligocene and Miocene time, along the Pattani Trough and then southeast along the Malay Basin trend. ...
divides in the west and center and the Golok river in the east. ... Malay sultanates of Trengganu, Kedah, Kelantan, and Pattani were brought under ...
bifurcates into river Nun and Forcados into the Atlantic ... Patani, Okerenkoko, Otuanana and Egbokodo are from. Delta States. The authors used a simple ...
Mydans, S., ‘Thailand set to make Buddhism the state religion’, International Herald Tribune,
24 May 2007.
Millard, M. (2004). Jihad in Paradise: Islam and Politics in Southeast Asia. Armonk: East GateBooks
Mohamad Faisol Keling, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Md. Shukri Shuib, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Mohd Na’eim Ajis, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Achmad Dzariean Mohd Nadzri, The Problems of Terrorism in Southeast Asia,Universiti Utara Malaysia, Journal of Asia Pacific Studis ( 2009) Vol 1, No 1, 27-48
Maier, “Malay and Indonesian Literature,” 30; Syed Muhammad Naguib al-Attas, The Origin of the Malay Sha’ir (Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 1968); and Concluding Post-Script to the Origin of the Malay Sha’ir (Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 1971).
Maloy Krishna Dhar, Concept of United Islamic Entity in South East Asia,  Frontier India World Affairs - International News and Current Affairs.mht August 26th, 2010
McGeown, Kate. 2006. Lifting the lid on Thai insurgents. BBC News Online, August 7.  http://newsvote.bbc.co.uk.
*Malaysiana1, A Tale Of Two Taksins, The World’s Richest King & Patani, The Poland Of Asia,  Wednesday, September 3, 2008, http://malaysiana1.blogspot.com
*MarwaanMacan-Markar, THAILAND Licence to Arm Civilians against Muslim Insurgency,  2011 IPS-Inter Press Service, Sep 18 , 2009
* Marja-Leena Heikkilä-Horn, Goat milk and caddies – A Muslim community in Cha Am, Thailand, Mahidol University International College, Salaya, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand(email: marlehei@loxinfo.co.th), GEOGRAFIA OnlineTM Malaysian Journal of Society and Space 4 (1 - 8)© 2008, ISSN 2180-2491
*Mark Magnier, Muslim insurgency in Thailand grinds on, Los Angeles Times, April 3, 2010, http://www.latimes.com
*Matthew Wheeler, Us and Southern Thailand Conflict, Public Seminar on Southern Violence and Thai state, Nonviolence,  Violence and Thai State, Research project, First year, senior research scholar, the Thailand research fund(TRF) in cooperation with Princes Maha chakri Sirindhon Antropology center and the faculty of Political science, Thammasat University Friday 18th - Saturday 19th  August 2006 Room 407, Princes Maha Chakri Sirindhon Anthropology center, Bangkok, Thailand
*Michael J. Montesano & Patrick Jory (Editors),  Thai South and Malay North:         Ethnic Interactions on a Plural Peninsula,  NUS Press| Contact Us
*Mirinda Burarungrot, Patani‐Malay Language: The Decline of Mother Tongue Usage, (Researcher of RILCA, Mahidol University).
*Mohd.Zamberi A.Malek, Pensejarahan Patani, Siri kajian Sejarah, 2006, University MalayaSibn 183-100-347-0
*Mohd. Zamberi A. Malek, Wadi Al-Hussein: Masjid terindah, slamic architecture of the mosques in Pattani Province, ThailandPenerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 2001 

96. New Alternatives. Hong Kong. 287Santos, Soliman Jr.,2005 "Malaysia's Role in the Peace Negotiations between the Philippine Government and the Moro 94. Askandar, K88. 91. Nik Anuar, Sejarah Perjuangan Melayu Patani 1785-1954 (history of the Struggle of the Patani Malays, 1785 - 1954) (Bangi: Penerbit Universiti Kebansaan Maalysia 1999), ..cited in Sathian, “Rights Over Men”, p. 15; Or. Bangnara, Patani: adit lae patchuban (Patani: Past and Present) (Bangkok: Chomrom Saengthian, 1976), cited in ..Davisakd, “Of a Lesser Brilliance”; and Tengku Ismail C. Denudom, “Politics, Economy, Identity or Religious Striving for the Malay Patani: A Case Study of the Conflicts ..between Thailand and the Malay State of Patani” (Dept. of East and Southeast Asia Languages, Lund University, 2005). On the competing Thai and Malay historiographies .on Patani see Davisakd, Of a Lesser Brilliance”.
89. Nasir Haji Samoh and Md. Sani Ibrahim. 2009.Organochlorine Pessticide Residues in the Major Rivers of Thailand
97. Nawit Ongsavangchai & Funo, Shuji, 2004, Consideration on Formation and Typology of Shop house in Ratanakosin Area, Bangkok, Journal of Architecture and Planning …(Transactions of Architectural Institute of Japan (AIJ)), No. 577, March.
98. Nawit, April 17, 2007, 12:04:50 PM : English text about formation of old Chinese quarter in Patani & its shop houses, Valuable Building Conservation Registration(Online)
99. Nunthiya, Phimonsiripol, 2000, The Relationship between Chinese and Muslim Communities in Patani Province: A case of the Lim Kun Yew Tomb: 1958-1990, Master of Arts in ….History Thesis, Department of History, Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University. (In Thai)
100. National Reconciliation Commission. 2005. Overcoming Violence Through the Power of Reconciliation: Report of the National Reconciliation Commission (Unofficial …Translation).National Reconciliation Commission. Thailand.
101. Nidhi Eeosiwong, Understanding the Situation in the South as a Millenarian Revolt, Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia 6, available at 95 Ngao atalak melayu patani .(Shadow of ….Patani Malay Identity) in Bahrun, Yihad si thao:khrai sang khrai liang fai tai (Grey Jihad: Who Started and Who is Stoking the Southern Fire) (Bangkok: Sarika, ..2005), pp. 29-
Nancy-Amelia Collins, VOA Terrorism & Counterterrorism, Violence in Thailand's Muslim South Intensifies, Jun 6, 2007

Natasha Hamilton-Hart, “Terrorism in Southeast Asia: Expert Analysis, Myopia and Fantasy,” The Pacific Review 18, 3 (2005): 303–26.
Nawit,  English text about formation of old Chinese quarter in Patani & its shophouses.April 17, 2007, 12:04:50 PM,  English text about formation of old Chinese quarter in Patani & its shophouses.mht
Newsgroups.derkeiler.com  > Archive  > Soc  > soc.culture.thai  > 2007-0429 Apr 2007 20:39:16 -0700, Re Trouble in Thailands deep south.mht

Nonviolence International Southeast Asia, Rule by the Gun: Armed Civilians and Firearms Proliferation inSouthern Thailand. May 2009, p. 7.

(Thailand) up to the Patani River Op. Cit., Rattiya Sale, “Patani Darul-Islam ( Malay-Islam Patani). Encountering the Making of Pattani, Yala, and Naratiwat ..http://edocs.nps.edu/npspubs/scholarly/theses/2005/Sep/05Sep_Valentine.pdf
National Reconciliation Commission, Overcoming Violence through the Power of
Reconciliation, Unofficial translation, June 2006, pdf>.

Neil J. Melvin, Conflict in Southern Thailand, Islamism, Violence and the State in the Patani Insurgency,SIPRI Policy Paper, No. 20ISSN 1652-0432 (print),
ISSN 1653-7548 (online), © SIPRI, 2007,Printed in Sweden by CM Gruppen, Bromma
Nik Anuar Mahmud. 2004. Sejarah Perjuangan Melayu Petani 1785-1954. Chapter 3: internet berjuang.netfirms.com/Dalam.htm (25 June 2004).
*News Front Page, Timeline: Thailand, A chronology of key events, Wednesday,  BBC News, 19 May 2010, http://news.bbc.co.uk/
*Nik Anuar Nik Mahmud. 2008. 2nd Edition. The Malays of Patani: The Search for security and independence. Kuala Lumpur: MPH
*Nik Anuar Nik Mahmud. 2008. Tengku Mahmud Mahyideen dan perjuangan mencamtumkan Patani dengan Tanah Melayu. Dlm. Farid Mat Zain & Zulkarnain, Muslim Selatan Thai: Konflik dan perjuangan. Shah Alam: Karisma Publications
*Nik Anuar Nik Mahmud. 2008. Konflik di Selatan Thai: Mungkinkah ada penyelesaian? Dlm. Farid Mat Zain & Zulkarnain, Muslim Selatan Thai: Konflik dan perjuangan. Shah Alam: Karisma Publications
*Nik Anuar Nik Mahmud. 2008. Gagasan Melayu Raya dari Perspektif Nasionalis Melayu. Seminar Antarabangsa Pemetaan Ilmu di Alam Melayu 2: Ilmu Alam Melayu Memacu Perkembangan Jati Diri dan Minda, 22-23 Julai 2008, Universitas Khairun, Ternate.
*Nik Anuar Nik Mahmud. 2008. Penggubalan Perlembagaan Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, Persidangan Kebangsaan Penubuhan Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, 11 November 2008, Arkib Negara
102. On the use of the term khaek by the Thai court in the first half of the nineteenth century see Davisakd Puaksom, Khon plaek na nanachat krung sayam nai khlong tang phasa the….wat pho (University in Stone): ngan khian choeng chatiphanwanana (ethnography) chin raek khong sayam [International Strangers in Siam in the Verses on Different Languages …at Wat Pho (University in Stone): Siam`s First Ethnography] (Bangkok).
103. Organization of the Islamic Conference, On recurrent waves of violence in southern Thailand’, Press release, Jeddah, 18 Oct. 2005.
104. Olivier Roy, A Clash of Cultures or a Debate on Europe`s Values?,International Institute for the Study of Islam in the Modern World (ISIM) Review, 15 Spring 2005, pp. 5-6.
105. Oquist, Paul and Evangelista, Alma. 2006. Peace building in Times of Institutional Crisis: Ten Years of the GRP-MNLF Peace Agreement. UNDP Policy Paper Series on …………… Peace and Development in the Southern Philippines. November 2006. United Nations Development Programme. Downloaded from on 20 May 2009.

Hong Kong: Pearl River Printing Company. .... cultural, historical and political patterns of Pattani,SouthernThailandandEastTimor”;....http://www.niu.edu/anthro/faculty_staff/faculty/Molnar/2010 spring webversion Molnar Vitae.pdf
Otto F. von Feigenblatt, BS, MA, FRAS, Nova Southeastern University1The Importance of Culture in Emic -Interpretations of the History of Thailand’s Southern Separatist Movement: The“Gentlemen’s Agreement” of 1943 and the Relationship ofMalaysia with the Separatists, Nova Southeastern University
Omar Farouk, “Shaykh Ahmad: Muslims in the Kingdom of Ayutthaya,”
JEBAT, Journal of the History Department Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia,
no.10 (1980/81); Muhammad Ismail Marcinkowski, “Persian Religious and
Cultural Influence in Siam/Thailand and Maritime Southeast Asia in
Historical Perpective: A Plea for a Concerted Interdisciplinary Approach,”
Journal of the Siam Society 88, parts 1&2 (2000): 186-94; John O’Kane, The
Ship of Sulaiman. Persian Heritage Series, no. 11 (London: Routledge &
Kegan Paul, 1972); David K. Wyatt, “A Persian Mission to Siam in the Reign
of King Narai,” Journal of the Siam Society 62, no. 1 (1974): 151-57.
*Maier, “Malay and Indonesian Literature,” 30; Syed Muhammad Naguib al-
Attas, The Origin of the Malay Sha’ir (Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan
Pustaka, 1968); and Concluding Post-Script to the Origin of the Malay Sha’ir
(Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 1971).
Maloy Krishna Dhar, Concept of United Islamic Entity in South East Asia,  Frontier India World Affairs - International News and Current Affairs.mht August 26th, 2010 |
McGeown, Kate. 2006. Lifting the lid on Thai insurgents. BBC News Online, August 7.

*Ornanong Noiwong, Political Integration Policies and Strategies of the Thai Government Toward the Malay-Muslims of Southernmost Thailand (1973-2000) (PhD dissertation, Northern Illinois, University, 2001)
*Osman Abdullah Chuah, Conflicts and Peace Initiatives between Minority Muslims and Thai Buddhists in the Southern Thailand, Journal of Religion, Conflict, and Peace.Volume 3 Issue 2, Spring 2010, Copyright © 2010. http://religionconflictpeace.org/taxonomy/term/11

106. Palungjit.com. 10-10-2006, 09:21 AM. Petroleum Geology of the Gulf of Thailand.
107. Patrick jory. Autumn 2006.Religious Labelling, From "Patani Melayu to” Thai Muslim” : The Specter of Ethnic Identity in Southern Thailand.
108. Patanikini.mht. Wed, 2 Dec 2009 19:39:40. Anglo-Bangkok treaty 1909. Root cause of the problems
109. Patrick Jory.2002.Multi-culturism in Thailand? Cultural and Regional Resurgence in a Diverse Kingdom. arvard Asia, Pacific Review.102. Pojar, Daniel J. Jr. 2005. "Lessons ……...Not Learned: Rekindling of Thailand's Pattani Problem," Master's Thesis at the [U.S.] Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey California.
110. Pravit Rojanaphruk. 2005. "idden Dimensions of 'Thainess': Violence and Militarism in Culture and Politics" in Asian Exchange Vol. 20-21. No. 1. Asian Regional Exchange
111. Paramin, Sayam-Pattani, p. 42; my italics.
112. Panngam Gothammasarn, The Administration of the Seven Southern Provinces during King Chulalongkorn`s Reign” (unpublished MA thesis, Department of istory, …..Chulalongkorn University, 1976), pp. 159-175, quoted in Davisakd Puaksom, “Of a Lesser Brilliance: Patani istoriography in Contention”, in The Plural Peninsula: ….Studies in the History of Ethnic Interactions in Southern Thailand and Northern Malaysia, ed. Michael J. Montesano and Patrick Jory (forthcoming).
113. Personal communication, Abdulrazak Panaemalae, who is currently undertaking a research project on this issue. While the term “Wahabi” has recently come into use, …….other terms used to indicate “modernist” Islamic practice in the region include the Malay “kaum muda”, or in Thai, “khana mai”.
114. Prayoondesh Kananurak, 1995, The eir of Luang Sam Ret Git Gorn Jang Wang (Thayard of Luang Samretgitgornjangwang), Merry Print Publishing. (In Thai)

formed mudflats built up by the sedimentation of Pattani River around the mouth of Pattani Bay in. Southern Thailand (Bamroongrugsa and Yuanlaie, 1995). ...
studied in Banglang Reservoir, located on the Pattani River in Southern Thailand . Samples were collected monthly from May 2000 to April 2001 at three ...
http://www.thaiscience.info/Article for ThaiScience/Article/5/Ts-5 phytoplankton diversity and its relationships to the physico-chemical environment in the banglang reservoir, yala province.pdf
breed in clear waters like pools in river beds. Such variations in larval environment ...... Plain provinces of Thailand (Pattani, Pha-. 4.0 A lyengar( 1953) ...
Pathan, D., ‘Crisis in south rooted in ethnic Malay identity’, The Nation, 22 June 2007.
Pathan, D., ‘Unclear aims, questionable tactics in South’, The Nation
PATTANI RIVER AT THA SAP BRIDGE. MUANG. YALA. G. F F. 7 240108 PATTANI RIVER AT KRONG PINANG. K.KRONG PINANG ... http://www.dwr.go.th/ishydro_station/ishydro_station.pdf 1831PattaniRebel.htm
Pathan, Muhammad Ayub and Waedao Harai. 2008. Bomb blast injures 13 in deep south: Two
officers killed as rebels storm poll unit. Bangkok Post, April 21. http://www.bangkokpost.com.
*PAVIN CHACHAVALPONGPUN, Thailand and Malaysia Move to Mend Fences, The
Irrawadddy, February 27, 2011 http://www.irrawaddy.0rg  
*Prachatai, The Phantasm in Southern Thailand: History Writings on Patani and the Islamic World,  Thu,
10/12/2009,  http://www.prachatai.com/english
*Pratya Toh-e-tae, The man behind the draft bill for Pattani Maha Nakorn(Greater Pattani City) Model,
ISRA Institute Thai Press Development Foundation, 2010,  Jan, Monday 31,2011, www.isra.or.th
*Patani Forum, Negotiating a peaceful coexistence between the Malay of Patani and the Tha state, 2006
Patani, Thailand 

115. R. D. DAVIES. November I9th, 1902. Full text of "Siam in the Malay Peninsula : a short account of the position of Siam in the states of Kelantan,Patani, Legeh and .....Siam". …...Library of G«*rga B. AicFarlaod.CORNELL UNIVERSITY LIBRARY
116.  Review. Friday, 9 April 2009. Thailand violence. Reuter Alert Net.

downstream Sg Pinang (at the Patani Road Bridge). Here, they conducted the same exercises and to their disgust, they found the huge contrast in river ...


Rebels ignore govt. efforts for talks’, Bangkok Post, 24 June 2007
Religion, Ideology, and Politics.Washington, D.C.: East-West Center.
McCargo, D. (2004). Southern Thai Politics: A Preliminary Overview. POLIS Working Paper
Raymond Scupin, “Islam in Thailand before the Bangkok Period,”Journal of the Siam Society, no. 68 (1990).New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995), 4:212-213; and “Muslim
Raymond Scupin, “Thailand,” The Oxford Encyclopedia of Modern Islam
Accommodation in Thai Society,” Journal of Islamic Studies 9, vol. 2 (1998):
229-58. A comprehensive survey of Thai Muslims is the two-volume study by 
Andrew D. W. Forbes, ed., The Muslims of Thailand (Gaya, India: Center for
South East Asian Studies, 1989). Of more recent date, but much briefer, is
Michel Gilquin, Les musulmans de Thaïlande (Paris/Bangkok: L’Harmattan/Institut de Recherche sur l’Asie du Sud Est Contemporaine, 2002).
This article is adapted of Ridwan  thesis research “Examining Pattani Central Mosque: Islamic Teaching Practices and Views of Good Governance, Human Rights and Anticipation for Radicalism” for his
 Master of Human Rights and Democratisation(MHRD) in SydneyUniversity, Australia and Mahidol University, Thailand. Academia.edu-share research 
117. Sixth Edition. 2008. Patani. The Columbia Encyclopedia.
118. Sukree Langputeh .Tue, 2009-03-31 22:08. Will the Thai state accept a special form of administration for the region?. DeepSouthWatch.org.113. SIPRI Policy Paper No. 20. …..Stockholm International Peace Research Institute Patani Insurgency..
119.Sarosi, Diana and Janira Sombutpoonsiri. 2009 (unpublished) . Rule by the Gun:Armed. Civilians and Firearms Proliferation in Southern Thailand. Nonviolence …...International.Southeast Asia and Small Arms Survey. Bangkok.
120. Srisomphob Jitpiromsiri. 2009. Updated Statistics: Thailand's Southern Violence from January 2004 to March 2009. Accessed at …http://www.deepsouthwatch.org/node/287 on …..03 May 2009.
121. Skinner, G.W., 1956, Chinese Society in Thailand: An Analytic istory, Ithaca, Cornell University Press.
122. Sunisa owongratana, 1987, A Study for Landuse Planning of Pattani Municipality, Master Thesis, Department of Urban and Regional Planning
123. Siam jangwat phak tai”, the term most commonly used in the Thai commentary on this issue, referring to the three provinces of Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat. Occasional …..violence has also occurred in Songkhla province
124. Salaphrachakom, Forum: The history of Patani state, Pantip.com, 21 March 2005.(Thai Language)
125. Saagob Songmuang, Jureerat Buakaew & Channarong Thiangtham, 1999, Patani: Changwat, Saranugrom Wattanatham Thai Pak Tai (Encyclopedia of Southern Thai culture), …..Vol. 9, Encyclopedia of Thai Culture Foundation, Thai Commercial Bank, pp. 4461-4477..
126. See the recommendations contained in the NRC`s report, “Raingan khanakammakan isara phuea khwam samanchan haeng chat: ao chan khwam runraeng duan khwam …...samanchan” [Report of the National Reconciliation Council: Overcoming Violence through Reconciliation], available at the NRC`s website: http://www.nrc.or.th/th/
127. Syukri, The Malay Kingdom of Patani, pp. 57-8. According to Teeuw and Wyatt, “The Malay story [in the ikayat Patani] makes it implicitly clear that Patani acknowledged the …..sovereignty of Ayudhya already in the time of Sultan Mudhaffar Syah [in the sixteenth century] … The story as it runs … suggests a relationship of dependence and inferiority ‘..rather than of equality”; Teeuw and Wyatt, ikayat Patani, p. 230. Even Che Man, leader of the umbrella group for Patani separatist organizations, Bersatu, writes, “Ever ….since the establishment of Muslim dynasties, the kingdom of Patani seems to have experienced alternate periods of independence and Siamese control”, Wan Kadir Che Man, ….Muslim Separatism: the Moros of Southern Philippines and theMalays of Southern Thailand (Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1990), p. 34.
128. Syed Serajul Islam . 1998. The Islamic Independence Movements in Patani of Thailand and Mindanao of the Philippines. University of California Press.
Sudiaramco, From  Bnga Mas to Minarets,  Written by John Andrews, Photographed by Nik Wheeler, May/June 1988

Srisompob Jitpiromsri&Team,  Pottery Kilns in Pattani,  Research Report, Prince of Songkhla university
Srisompob Jitpiromsri, 40Months of Violence: Reaching the Edge of Rationality and Reconciliation?] June 4, 2007.This and other valuable Thai-language reports on the violence may be found by visiting  http://www.deepsouthwatch.org and clicking on the box with Srisompob’s name.
Srisompob Jitpiromsri, [“Empirical Datafrom Civil Society: Has the Southern Border Situation Really ‘Improved?’”], August 11,2007, http://www.deepsouthwatch.org/.+Srisompob Jitpiromsri, Southern border provinces poll, DeepSouthWatch , Mon, 2009-05-18 12:19, Center for the Study of Conflict and Cultural Diversity (CSCC) PSU.T
Siti Nurbaiyah, Nadzminurbaiyah@nst.com.my, The Fanged king 1,New Striaght time,Thursday, July 08, 2010, 03.29 PM

Songkla University, Pattani Campus, (2) Yaring River mouth, and (3) Laem Tachi ... (10) Industry
zone, (1 1) Barn Nurn, (12) Budi, (13) Pattani River mouth ...

Sources of Lead to the Pattani River. Hat. Yai: Department of Mining Engineering and Metallurgy, Faculty of. Engineer, Prince of Songkla University. ...
Storey, I., ‘Malaysia’s role in Thailand’s southern insurgency’, Terrorism Monitor, vol. 5, no. 5
(15 Mar. 2007); and Abuza (note 29).
Progress made towards talks with the insurgents’, Bangkok Post, 1 July 2007.

Surin Pitsuwan, “Islam and Malay Nationalism,” p.175.
S P Harish, How Malaysia sees Thailand's southern strife, Southeast Asia , Asia Times Online, Feb 8, 2006 www.atimes.com
Sungunnasil, Wattana. 2006. Islam, radicalism, and violence in southern Thailand: Berjihad di
Patani and the 28 April 2004 attacks. Critical Asian Studies 38 (1): 119-44 (March).

*Seth Mydans, Muslim insurgency stokes fear in southern Thailand, Asia - Pacific - International Herald
Tribune - The New York Times.htm, Sunday, February 25, 2007
26. Zachary Abuza, New Government in Thailand Struggles to Defeat the Insurgency, Feb 15, 2009

*S P Harish, (No. 107) Changing Conflict Identities: The case of the Southern Thailand  Discord, Institute of
Defence and Strategic Studies Singapore.
*Supara Janchitfah,  , Gun culture booming in the troubled South, Investigative Report,  Newspaper 
section: Spectrum, Bangkok Post, 6/09/2009
* Sebastian Nordhoff, The genesis of  Srilanka Malay as a Multi-Layer process, March 23, 2011

129. The exact total for the Muslim population in the three southern provinces and the country as a whole is a subject of much conjecture. …….Calculated from the 2000 figures …...provided by the Islamic Committee Office of Thailand, Gilquin quotes extraordinarily high figures of …….7,391,235 for the country as a whole and 3,454,300 for Pattani, Yala …..and Narathiwat combined; Michel Gilquin, The Muslims of Thailand, …….trans. Michael Smithies (Chiang Mai: IRASEC & Silkworm Books, 2005), pp. 39-40. Using the official …...figures, McCargo estimates that .Malay Muslims make up approximately 80% of the total population of the three provinces of 1.8 million, ie. 1,440,000; Duncan McCargo, ….Introduction: Rethinking Thailand`s Southern Violence” in Critical Asian Studies, Vol. 38, No. 2 March 2006, p. 3.
130. The Thai education system played a crucial role in this policy of assimilation. A colleague from Narathiwat province once told me of his experience as a student in a Thai …..government school in Narathiwat, where in place of the legends of Malay cultural heroes like ang Tuah he learnt about while in the pondok, he was obliged to read Sang Thong …..and other classics of the Thai literary canon.
131. The difficulties are manifold: the uncertain security situation; fear on the part of the locals of the consequences of divulging information to unknown outsiders, and the lack of …..familiarity with the local dialect and culture on the part of most researchers. Given such methodological obstacles, one would wish for more humility on the part of many ….academics in their representations of the situation in the south.
132. The difference being, however, that the objective of the Thai state is fostering an Islam over which it has administrative control.The map is included in Bunkrom …...Khongbangsathan, Kan to su khrang sut thai khong phon ek Chavalit Yongchaiyudh (Gen. Chavalit Yongchaiyudh`s Last Struggle) (Bangkok, Offset Press, 2005). The map is …...unpaginated, it ….appears following the table of contents.
133. Thomas M. Fraser, Jr., Fishermen of South Thailand: the Malay Villagers (Prospect eights: Waveland Press, 1966), p. 89.
134. Thomas M. Fraser, Jr., Rusembilan: A Malay Fishing Village in Southern Thailand (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1960), p. 248.
135. Thanet Aphornsuvan. 2004. Origins of Malay Muslim "Separatism" in Southen Thailand. Asia Research Institute Working Paper Series No. 32. October 2004. …Downloaded …...on 15 July 2007.
136. Thanet Aphornsuwan. 2007. Rebellion in Southern Thailand: Contending istories. Policy Studies No. 35. East-West Center. Washington D.C.
137.Thomas Suárez. 1999. Early mapping of Southeast Asia. GIS Topo Maps.
…Vichit Rangpan. 2008.Effect of Water Quality on Periphyton in the Pattani River, Yala City Municipality, Thailand. University Sains Malaysia. Thesis for Phd.
138.Temisar. 01/18/2008 02:09 AM. Ethnicity, Islam And Irredentism : The Malays Of Patani. Research Papers. Oppapers.com.
139. Thai Environmental Regulation. Water Quality Standard.Surface water standard.. R.. Phillipimore. 1956. An early map of the Malay Peninsula. Imago Mundi, Volume 13, Issue 1 , … pages 175 79135.
140. The exact total for the Muslim population in the three southern provinces and the country as a whole is a subject of much conjecture. …….Calculated from the 2000 figures …...provided by the Islamic Committee Office of Thailand, Gilquin quotes extraordinarily high figures of …….7,391,235 for the country as a whole and 3,454,300 for Pattani, Yala …..and Narathiwat combined; Michel Gilquin, The Muslims of Thailand, …….trans. Michael Smithies (Chiang Mai: IRASEC & Silkworm Books, 2005), pp. 39-40. Using the official …...figures, McCargo estimates that .Malay Muslims make up approximately 80% of the total population of the three provinces of 1.8 million, ie. 1,440,000; Duncan McCargo, ….Introduction: Rethinking Thailand`s Southern Violence” in Critical Asian Studies, Vol. 38, No. 2 March 2006, p. 3.
140. The crisis in the south since 2004 has led to a nostalgic revival of nationalistic propaganda songs from the military dictatorship era, including “Rak Kan Wai Thoet (“Let`s …...Love Each Other”), whose title is somewhat reminiscent of the name of Thailand`s former ruling party, `Thai Rak Thai`. A re-mixed (but artistically inferior) pop version of this …..assimilationist classic of the 1960s by assorted artists (affiliated with an entertainment company with close business links to the Thai Rak Thai party) in response to the crisis in ….the south can be listened to at http://www.kapook.com/ musicstation/newmusicstation/play.php?id=4240 (Incidentally, this is a good example of how decades of statist discourse ….has created its own mass market, now exploited by Thailand`s culture industry, which is today far more efficient at producing and disseminating cultural product than its …predecessor, the bureaucracy). On the subject of Thai rock music and nationalism see Suradet Phakphian, “Rok rak chat tae chat (chai) mai jam pen tong rak rok” …(Patriotic Rock, but the Nation Does Not Need to Love Rock) Wathanasala http://www.wtnsl.net, December 10 2005. A Malay version of the song complete with Malay lyrics is …also available for the benefit of Malay-speaking Thai nationalists, produced by the Ratchaphat University of Yala and sung by the artists from the same university and the Public …Relations Department (see http://www.thaisnews.com/prdnews/peace_song/song_south/song_1.html)
Thomson, John Turnbull, "Glimpses Into Malayan Lands", Oxford University Press 1984 (first published by Richardson and Company, 1864). RM 22.00+The new journal in Critical Studies on Terrorism. See Jeroen Gunning, “A Case for Critical Terrorism Studies?” Government and Opposition 42, 3 (2007): 363–393, 2007.
Thailand is a violent society, with the highest homicide rate in Southeast Asia and the second highest in Asia (8.47 per 100,000 in 2000), well above the United States (5.5), and more than most developed countries (typically between 2 and 3). See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki%20/List_  of_countries_  by_homicide_rate
The Geographer, Office of the Geographer, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Malaysia – Thailand Boundary(Country Codes: MY-TH), International Boundary Study, No. 57 – Novem

Thanet Aphornsuvan, Origins of Malay Muslim “Separatism” in

Southern Thailand,  Assistant Professor; Director, Southeast Asian Studies Program, Thammasat
Univesity, Bangkok ta2@alpha.tu.ac.th, October 2004, Asia Research Institute, Working Paper Series No. 32
The Nation, Insular attitude will not end the south Thailand conflic,  Bangkok, Wednesday 3 November,   2010-11-03 15:40
and it is still a large emitter of lead and organic matter into the Pattani River and Pattani. Bay. In 2002,there are 32 factories inPIZ:8 are in the... http://www.idt.unisg.ch/org/idt/ipmr.nsf/0/ba36f291e3369d29c1256fc5002f70d6/$FILE/IPMR_6_1_2005_LEOSENG ZIMMERMANN FINAL.pdf
raised to /i/. Thus Standard Malay (12) enam orang dalam ggnggi (meaning 'six people in the river') yields. (13) /nnE orE dalE sunga/ in Pattani Malay, but ...
The Masjid India Patani presently sits on the banks of the Patani river and is flanked by a small park as well as a sting of riverside houses. ...

Mar 9, 2009 ... the Malay courtly text, the Hikayat Patani. Patani's strategic location at the mouth of the Patani river and its proximity to the ...
Muda River is flowing from Patani, and it meanders to the South Kedah, and reaches the. Malacca Channel at the end. And more, Baling area that there is the ...
Hydrobiological and fisheries surveys in Pattani River . Fish. Res. Unit annu. Rep., Inld Fish. Div., Dep. Fish., Bangkok: 62-67. (in Thai). ...
collections (Gua Glaf, Raman District, and Gua Tana, Patani State) which I have been unable to locate on any maps available to me. [Patani River (Sungei) is ...
Phraya river and its tributaries, and on the Gulf of Thailand .... Coastal wetlands, such as Pattani bay and Ko Libong, are ...
Theory. International Political Sociology, 2(4), 281-304.
Gunaratna, R., and Acharya, A. (2006). Thailand. In D. S. Reveron and J. S. Murer (Eds.),
Flashpoints in the war on terrorism (pp. 137-156). New York: Routledge.
Hazen, J. M. (2008). Armed Violence in Asia and the Pacific: An Overview of the Causes, Costs
and Consequences. United Nations Development Program // Geneva Declaration on
The Pattani Dam Reservoir (6° 39' N, 101° 17' E) is situated in the flood plain of the Pattani River. The reservoir is located at an altitude of 12.75 m 
Tunku Yusuf,  History repeating itself in Pattani,  New Straits Times, Feb 11, 2005
Tan-Mullins, May. 2006. Voices from Pattani: Fears, suspicion, and confusion. Critical Asian Studies 38
(1): 145-50 (March).
The Nation. 2005. Proposal to abolish pondoks condemned. September 17.
The Nation. 2002. Pulo rebel puts down his weapon. April 3. http://www.nationmultimedia.com.
The Nation. 2002. Same faces, but motives have changed. April 3. http://www.nationmultimedia.com.
The Nation. 2006. Surayud apologises for govt’s [sic] abuses in south. November 3.
The Nation. 2006. Army chief admits agencies are using 'blacklists' in south. April 26
The Washington Post. 2008. Changes weighed for Muslim-majority
Thailand topography, chaopraya river make flood in some areas. 3. Bangkok metropolitan and provinces around ... Impact to Village Health Volunteer. Injured Deaths. Pattani . http://www.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/Hospitals_Safe_from_Disasters_Document16.pdf

*Supara Janchitfah,  , Gun culture booming in the troubled South, Investigative Report,  Newspaper section: Spectrum, Bangkok Post, 6/09/2009

141 UN Human Rights Committee, Consideration of reports submitted by states parties under Article 40 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Right : … . . …...concluding observations of the Human Rights Committee: Thailand, 8 July 2005, CCPR/CO/84/TA,
142.UNITED NATIONS Press Release"UN Expert in Extrajudicial Executions Calls on Thailand to Repeal Emergency Regulations that Violeted uman Rights Law."18 July 2006.

raised to /i/. Thus Standard Malay (l2) enam orang dalam ggnggi (meaning 'six people in the river') yields. (13) /nnE orE dalE sunga/ in Pattani Malay
Uthai Dulyakasem, “The Emergence and Escalation of Ethnic Nationalism:
The Case of the Muslim Malays in Southern Thailand,”   in Islam and Society i

n Southeast Asia, eds. Taufik Abdullah and Sharon Siddique (Singapore:

Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1986), 208-49; Syril Skinner and Justin

Corfield, Rama III and the Siamese Expedition to Kedah in 1839. Monash

Papers on Southeast Asia, no. 30 (Clayton [Victoria, Australia]: Monas 

University, 1993); David Wyatt, Thailand: A Short History (Chiang Mai:

Silkworm Books, 2003), 122-209; and Gilquin, Les musulmans, 92-98.
Umar al-Tayyib, al-Hajj. 1970. Ahwal al-muslimin wa-al-ta.lim al-dini fi bilad al-
Thailand. Da.wat al-haqq. Rabat, May 
Vicenç Fisas,  2007 Peace Processes Year book, Thailand (Pattani) page 120 Icaria Editorial

143. Wayne Bougas. Volume 39. Issue 391990 pp.113-138. Patani in the Beginning of the XVII Century. Scientific Journal. Patani capital:
144. Wikipedia, Pattani (Region).
145. Wikipedia, Pattani Kingdom..
146. Wayne A.L. Bougas. 1992. Surau Aur: Patani Oldest Mosque,Volume 43, Nume’ro1 Page 89-112.Archepel
147. .Wheatley, Paul,1961.The Golden Khersonese : Studies in the historical Geography of the Malay Peninsula before AD 1500.-Kuala Lumpur : University of Malaya Press.
148. Wheatley, Paul,1961.The Golden Khersonese : Studies in the historical Geography of the Malay Peninsula before AD 1500.-Kuala Lumpur : University
149. W K Che Man. Patani. 1993. Patani from sovereign sultanate to sub-nation (private) pages 116 - 123. Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs Volume 14, Issue 1 & ……2 January 1993.
150. Wyatt, D. K. & Teeuw. A., 1970, ikayat Patani: The Story of Patani, The ague, Martinus Nijhoff.

* Welch  J  Archaeological Investigations in the Pattani River Basin, Southern Thailand. Aseasuk News 1. (2): 18-19. with J. R. McNeill and Sawang Lertrit. ... http://www.iarii.org/Graphics/CV/Welch.pdf
*Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Ayutthaya Kingdom
*World Lingo, Patani(Region), http://www.worldlingo.com


Yegar, Moshe. 2002. Between Integration and Secession: the Muslim Communities of

Southern Philippines, Southern Thailand and Western Burma/Myanmar. Lanham,
Md.: Lexington Books.

 Zald, Mayer N. 1996. Culture, ideology and strategic framing. In Comparative perspectives on social
movements, ed. Doug McAdam, John D. McCarthy and Mayer N. Zald, 261-74. New
York:Cambridge University Press. 

Patani Resources
   : Latest Update:  14/04/2015


0 Respones to "PATANI RESOURCES"

Share |
Creative Commons License



Return to top of page Copyright © 2010 | Platinum Theme Converted into Blogger Template by HackTutors