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Tengku Mahmood Mahyiddeen was the son of the last Sultan of Patani Darussalam, Abdul Kadir Kamaruddeen and Patani mother, Cik Maimunah.  Tengku Mahmood Mahyiddeen’s mother died when he was only 4 years old and brought up by his step mother in Patani, at the age of  seven, he started his school at Kelantan ‘Islamic Council school’  for  five years before his father sent him for further study at  Bangkok  Royal Assumption College in 1920, he remained in Bangkok only a short period of three years prior to the deteriorated dispute between his father’s kingdom of Patani   and the Bangkok Siamese kingdom. In order to maintain his safety, in 1923 his father took him away to  study in Government English School in Pulau Pinang. In 1926 he entered the elite Penag Free school and graduated as Senior Cambridge  two years later, as among the best performance students,  he was offered the  Medicine scholarship at King Edward VII Medical College  in Singapore but  turned down in order to join his exiled family in Kelantan and married Tenku Zainab,  the sister of Sultan of Kelantan in 1930.
In the 1930s he began to take part and active in the social movement, 1933 he was appointed by the state of Kelantan as Nazir of Kelantan Malay School and in 1938 he was appointed as the director of Kelantan education department.
Tengku Mahmood Mahyiddeen worked hard to fulfill the modern system of education in the state of Kelantan, from 1933-1941 he was responsible for the establishment of the first modern English school system in Kelantan(Maktab Sultan Ismail-1936) and t the first modern English school system in Kelantan for girls(Zainab English School-1937)
Meanwhile, he had to stop the education projects in 1941 when the Japanese army invaded the  British Malaya on 18 December 1941. He gathered the group of Malay youth to fight the landed Japanese army at Pantai Sabak, from this time on ward he sacrificed himself for the defense  of the Malay homeland,   he organized and gathered the  Malay youth overseas to join the guerilla force of  136 division centered in India to infiltrate in to the British Malaya, fight and  reporting the Japanese movement during the II world  war on the basis of  the “gentlemen’s agreement” of 1943, made by traditional Melayu (Malay) leadership(GEMPAR or Greater Malay Patani State) and the British Colonial Office represented by the commander of the  British forces in Malaya during World War II, promising Britain’s support by granted independence or annexed kingdom of Patani to British Malaya after an allied victory, However, after a short independency in 1945, the British broke their promises and allowed the continuation of Thai rule over Patani, determined to keep Thailand stable as a counterweight to the communist insurgency in Malaysia and made Kingdom of Patani part of Kingdom of Thailand.
Tengku Mahmood Mahyiddeen died on February 12,1954 two years before the envoy of Tenku Abd.Rahman went to London asking for Malayan independence. At the age of 40s,  many believed as speculation aired that he was poisoned  by the enemies like many others active contemporary ‘independence’ leaders and fighters .

Tenku Abdul Jalal
  Deputy leader of GAMPAR
Founder and Leader of BNPP 

-Governor of  Malayan Union, Sir Edward Gent, on November 19, 1946 said“Tengku Mahmood Mahyiddeen is the intelligent Malay leader popular  among the Malay people, he is fond of conciliation and modest living, even in the time of crisis, his face is full of smile”
-Medal of Most Excellent Order Of The British Empire / M.B.E. 

-Kelas II Bintang Kebesaran Kerajaan Kelantan Al-Muhammadi, Darjah Paduka Mahkota Kelantan (DPMK) yang membawa gelaran Dato’.(Kelantan Medal awarded)

Cabang Tiga Palace( front gate)the  last Patani Darussalam Palace, born Tengku Mahmood Mahyiddeen : the Prince with no throne. The gate and the palace wall withstand the ungraceful events one after another, with the last Sultan of Patani Darussalam being the rebel in the eye of Thai king, the palace was left lonely with out any care and love for centuries-deprived of its own right  and dignity like its  old master, the last of the Sultan of Patani Darussalam>.

After World War I1 ended, some adaptations in the borders between British Myanmar, British Malaya and French Indo-China took place. The International Commission "determined that Thailand had no right to Indo-Chinese territory because of the differences in ethnicity, geography, and economics". 
So Indo-China was redelivered to France. Meanwhile, in relations with British Malaya, Thailand had to relinquish Kelantan, Kedah, Trengganu and Perlis to British Malaya which had held them before the War. The southern border provinces were still under Thailand as determined by the "Anglo-Siam Treaty of 1909". However, some turbulence in the southern border provinces became greater, influenced by nationalist awakening in the Malay states mainly in British Malaya and the Netherlands East Indies”



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